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Multiple Choice/Fill in the Blank Questions

This activity contains 24 questions.

Question 1.
The term "Developmentally Appropriate Practice" means that teachers should

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Question 2.
The idea that behavior can be shaped by environmental responses (so that rewarded behavior increases and punished behavior decreases) is called

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Question 3.
Shaping behavior by applying selected reinforcers is an application of

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Question 4.
The idea that there are universal milestones in children's behavior, so that all children develop behaviors in the same order and within a normative age range, is based on

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Question 5.

Beth is helping her students understand categories through her science area. Each week, she has students categorize the plants that grow in the science area in a different way. One week, they group plants as vines vs. bushes. The next week, they group plants that produce colored foods (e.g. tomatoes, apples) and plants that produce green foods (e.g. lima beans, peas). The next week, they group plants that have long skinny leaves and plants that have wide leaves. This teaching style fits best with which theory of development?
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Question 6.
Piaget's concept of equilibrium states that

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Question 7.
Children's physical development the rate and age at which they (aquire physical skills like walking or skipping) is determined

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Question 8.
Children typically develop the fine motor control required for worksheets and similar writing activities at about

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Question 9.
Which of the following is true of aggression in early childhood?

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Question 10.
Early childhood is defined by the National Association for the Education for Young Children (NAEYC) as

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Question 11.
Constructivists emphasize the role of the _________ in development while Behaviorists emphasize the role of the ____________.

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Question 12.
The theoretical perspective that emphasizes children's innate skills and limits is called:

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Question 13.
The Cognitive theorist most concerned with children's ability to use logical reasoning is

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Question 14.
For several years, John has had a security blanket which he carries everywhere. When John starts preschool, the other kids make fun of his blanket. After a few weeks, John stops carrying the blanket so the other kids won't make fun of him anymore. This is an example of

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Question 15.
The Zone of Proximal Development

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Question 16.
Vygotsky's concept of "intersubjectivity" refers to

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Question 17.
Which of the following demonstrates the cephalocaudal trend in development?

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Question 18.
Based on children's changing physical needs

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Question 19.
Self-focused activities, such as creating a "book about me"

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Question 20.
The book suggests ALL BUT WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING as strategies for mediating children's aggression?

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Question 21.
Erikson suggests that encouraging children's goal-direction is particularly important in preschool because it is the stage of

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Question 22.
To discourage sex-stereotyping, teachers should

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Question 23.
Research on temperament suggests that

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Question 24.
Children move from an emphasis on physical experience to an understanding of symbolism and language when they complete the _______ stage of cognitive development.

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