Content Frame
Note for screen reader users: There is text between the form elements on this page. To be sure that you do not miss any text, use item by item navigation methods, rather than tabbing from form element to form element.

Pre-Test



This activity contains 25 questions.

Question 1.
When Jacob's girlfriend and her friends stopped by his house during a basketball game with his friends, Jacob's performance increased slightly due to what Zajonc calls

 
End of Question 1


Question 2.
When he was just learning how to play tennis, Dave did worse when in the presence of others in a phenomenon known as

 
End of Question 2


Question 3.

We commit this error when we overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people's behavior. For example, when a driver cuts us off in traffic we immediately think that driver is "a jerk" when a better explanation, such as he or she is rushing to get to the hospital, is true.
 
End of Question 3


Question 4.
After a particularly difficult psychology exam, you and your friends confide in one another about the test comparing your answers and reactions to the test. Leon Festinger called this ________ theory.

 
End of Question 4


Question 5.

Coworkers in one office building noticed a foul odor outside and suspected in might be a terrorist plot using a biochemical weapon. Soon, a number of reporters covered the story and reports of foul odors were popping up everywhere. Despite the mayor and the sewer department stating that a sublet in the sewer had burst, workers were convinced of the possible attack. This phenomenon is better explained by
 
End of Question 5


Question 6.
Although he knew he was right, Paul changed his answer under pressure from the other three members on the panel. Paul's behavior demonstrates the power of

 
End of Question 6


Question 7.
People with low self-esteem are prone to conformity; however, _____ are more likely to conform than ______.

 
End of Question 7


Question 8.
Devoid of any retribution, given the size of the stadium, thousands of fans swarmed the field, climbing on the goal posts, yelling, screaming, and taking their clothes off. This behavior of normally mild-mannered citizens is known as

 
End of Question 8


Question 9.
In his famous study, he recruited college students to portray either guards or prisoners with some rather shocking results.

 
End of Question 9


Question 10.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Challenger explosion, and countless other meetings where group unanimity at the expense of critical thinking and sound decision making is overlooked is known as

 
End of Question 10


Question 11.
In order to reduce the influence of cults, McGuire demonstrated that the best way is to first introduce reasons why the perspective might be correct and then debunk it in an approach known as

 
End of Question 11


Question 12.
In Milgram's famous shock experiment, _____% of subjects displayed complete compliance.

 
End of Question 12


Question 13.
One of the key themes in Milgram's paradigm is the _____ the psychological distance between the teacher/participant and the experimenter, the _____ is the obedience.

 
End of Question 13


Question 14.
The second key theme in Milgram's paradigm is the ___________ the psychological distance between the teacher and learner, the ________ is the obedience.

 
End of Question 14


Question 15.
You are walking downtown one day and find a man wearing street clothes who is slumped on the sidewalk. You look around and see others walking and not playing attention. Thus, you decide to do the same thing. You have demonstrated

 
End of Question 15


Question 16.
The reduction in feelings of personal responsibility in the presence of others is called

 
End of Question 16


Question 17.

You and your group have had four weeks to complete a group project for your economics class. You are now four days away from the due date, and you and one other group member have been putting in all of the time and effort. The other two members come occasionally to group meetings and due the minimal work required. This unfortunate situation is known as
 
End of Question 17


Question 18.
Juan Carlos risked his life to save countless lives aboard the crashed commuter train that he was on. His unselfish act is known as

 
End of Question 18


Question 19.
_____ aggression is prevalent in girls and involves spreading rumors, gossiping, and nonverbal putdowns.

 
End of Question 19


Question 20.
A (n) _____ is a conclusion regarding factual evidence, while a(n) _____ is a belief that includes an emotional component.

 
End of Question 20


Question 21.
Marcia is feeling bad about cheating on her exam because she thinks of herself as an honest person. She relieves her _____ by reasoning that she had to cheat because the professor's exam was not a fair test.

 
End of Question 21


Question 22.
Your friend asks to borrow $50 from you. You tell him no. He then asks for a mere $10, which you gladly give him. Although you feel good to have helped him out, you may have just experienced the

 
End of Question 22


Question 23.

A local charity sends you return mailing labels and asks you to contribute whatever you can. You go ahead and send $5. A month later, you receive another request, but this time for $10 along with numerous other charities to contribute to. You feel good that you contributed, but you may be experiencing the
 
End of Question 23


Question 24.
Roger felt the need to blame other groups for his misfortunes despite the fact that he could have taken the reigns of his own life any time rather than wallowing in the _____ hypothesis.

 
End of Question 24


Question 25.
Cathy's co-worker gets cancer and Cathy believes it is because he sometimes has a cigarette when he is stressed. This is called

 
End of Question 25





Pearson Copyright © 1995 - 2011 Pearson Education . All rights reserved.
Legal Notice | Privacy Policy | Permissions

Return to the Top of this Page