Ch. 6, p. 206
Teaching the PQ4R Method
Explain and model the steps of the PQ4R method for your older students, using the following guidelines:
- Preview. Survey or scan the material quickly to get an idea of the general organization and major topics and subtopics. Pay attention to headings and subheadings, and identify what you will be reading about and studying.
- Question. Ask yourself questions about the material before you read it. Use headings to invent questions using the wh words: who, what, why, where.
- Read. Read the material. Do not take extensive written notes. Try to answer the questions that you posed prior to reading.
- Reflect on the material. Try to understand and make meaningful the presented information by (1) relating it to things you already know, (2) relating the subtopics in the text to primary concepts or principles, (3) trying to resolve contradictions within the presented information, and (4) trying to use the material to solve problems suggested by the material.
- Recite. Practice remembering the information by stating points out loud and asking and answering questions. You may use headings, highlighted words, and notes on major ideas to generate those questions.
- Review. In the final step, actively review the material, focusing on asking yourself questions; re-read the material only when you are not sure of the answers.