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 Instructor Resources Classroom Simulations

### Chapter 1—Understanding IR

Idea being illustrated: IR is not abstract or distant; it involves real people, real choices, and present-time developments.

Ask for two volunteers with wrist watches. Give each a piece of chalk and have them stand at opposite ends of the blackboard. Tell one to make a hatch-mark on the board (every fifth mark being a cross-hatch) every three seconds. Tell the second one to write "\$1,000,000" every forty seconds. Explain that the hatch marks show the rate at which children around the world are dying from malnutrition-related causes. The dollar amounts represent the rate of world military spending. You can then lecture or lead a discussion about either or both of these phenomena while the numbers pile up—e.g. how much money is -needed to prevent each of those deaths (a fraction of what's spent on the military in the same period). Then have students write a paragraph about what they got from the exercise; they will be variously shocked, defensive, outraged, etc. but it helps them engage with the subject.

### Chapter 2—Power Politics

Idea being illustrated: Balance of power. Aggressive moves to increase power tend to generate a counterbalancing force through construction of a containing coalition.

Have students form into teams of about five people and sit with their teams. (This can be done at the start of the semester and helps students feel less lost in a large class). Make cards, one per person, that say "Power—One Unit." Give them out to all the students in the class. Larger teams, or those with better attendance that day, will have more cards than others. Explain that teams will be scored/graded on how many cards they have at the end of the exercise. Give a few minutes to formulate strategy (after explaining the rules below), then open the floor for challenges. Call on the first team to raise a hand and "challenge" another team. Then allow 5-10 minutes for the challenger to find other teams to join the challenge by giving their power cards to the challenger, and for the challenged team to find others to help it defend against the challenge by giving them cards. When time is up, the side with the most cards wins all the cards from the other side (and can redistribute them to the coalition partners). Sometimes the challenger and allies prevail, sometimes the defenders and allies turn back the challenge. What is interesting is that usually the power of the two coalitions ends up fairly equal; sometimes it is geographically based in the seating arrangement in the classroom (coalitions form among neighbors).

### Chapter 3—Alternatives to Power Politics

Idea being illustrated: Women and men may think differently about IR. Or, maybe not.

### Chapter 4—Foreign Policy

Idea being illustrated: Groupthink. People tend to go along unquestioningly with a bad idea if the other members of the group seem to agree with it.

### Chapter 5—International Conflict

Idea being illustrated: Ethnic identity can be hard to define and brings up conflicting emotions, especially for Americans.

### Chapter 6—Military Force

Idea being illustrated: Nuclear proliferation may put nuclear weapons in more and more hands.

### Chapter 7—International Organization and Law

Idea being illustrated: Power of the great powers in the U.N.; frailty of human rights norms.

Idea being illustrated: Cooperation can be achieved despite conflicts of interest; prisoner's dilemmas can be overcome with a long-term view of rationality.

Idea being illustrated: Events sometimes spin out of control, beyond what would be considered "rational."

### Chapter 10—Integration

Idea being illustrated: New information technologies are changing the world.

### Chapter 11—The Environment

Idea being illustrated: Collective goods problems are hard to solve, especially with large numbers of actors.

### Chapter 12—The North-South Gap

Idea being illustrated: The gap.

### Chapter 13—International Development

Idea being illustrated: Development strategies.

### Chapter 14— Postscript: IR in 2049 A.D.

Idea being illustrated: The future is up for grabs.

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