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Chapter Exam

This activity contains 25 questions.

Question 1.
Equality of _____ is an equal sharing of income and material rewards.

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Question 2.
The first civil rights law passed by Congress since Reconstruction was the

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Question 3.
It wasn't until the ratification of the _____ Amendment that slavery was abolished everywhere in the nation.

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Question 4.
Segregation became the social instrument by which African Americans were "kept in their place" through

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Question 5.
Initially, the strategy for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) focused on

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Question 6.
__________ was among the original organizers of the NAACP in 1909 and a true leader of those fighting to establish black rights through legal action.

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Question 7.
Established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the agency responsible for monitoring affirmative action programs in private employment is the

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Question 8.
Policies meant to overcome past discriminations are called _____ policies.

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Question 9.
Programs in which a specified number or percentage of contracts must go to designated minorities are labeled

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Question 10.
According to the Supreme Court, classifications based on race are to be subject to

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Question 11.
The Supreme Court justice who spoke out against all classification s in 1896, stating that "our constitution is color-blind and neither knows not tolerates classes among the citizens," was

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Question 12.
Which Hispanic subgroup tends to be better educated and enjoy higher incomes than the others?

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Question 13.
The primary thrust of the Dawes Act of 1887, which governed federal Native American policy for decades, was to

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Question 14.
14. The ______ Act prohibits discrimination against disabled people in private employment, government programs, public accommodations, and telecommunications.

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Question 15.
Women led the Anti-Saloon League and provided the major source of moral support for the Eighteenth Amendment, which dealt with

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Question 16.
The meaning of equality has shifted over time from "equality of opportunity" to "equality of results."

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Question 17.
The Fourteenth Amendment abolished slavery.

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Question 18.
Article IV of the Constitution of 1787 guaranteed the return of escaped slaves to their owners.

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Question 19.
Booker T. Washington was only popular among African Americans. White people strongly opposed him and his ideologies.

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Question 20.
The Brown v. Board ruling struck down the laws of all 50 states as well as congressional laws segregating the schools of the District of Columbia.

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Question 21.
The Civil Rights Act of 1968 dealt with discrimination in the area of "fair housing."

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Question 22.
The U.S. Supreme Court has not yet spoken directly on the question of whether achieving racial diversity in a university is a "compelling government interest."

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Question 23.
Puerto Ricans are citizens of the United States and can legally move anywhere in the United States.

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Question 24.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 restored Native American tribal land ownership.

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Question 25.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prevents sexual discrimination in hiring, pay, and promotion.

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