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Topic 2: The Ancient Near East
This activity contains 28 questions.
Which of the following does not define a civilization?
political units capable of ruling large regions
More equality between social classes
the development of cities
The Tigris-Euphrates civilization, Sumeria, produced the first
Egyptian civilization differed from Mesopotamian civilization by stressing
more centralized and durable empires.
trade and science.
intense religious practice.
the utilization of slave labor.
Which river-valley civilization was characterized by isolation?
As the most influential of the smaller Middle Eastern regional cultures, the Jews were characterized most by
an expanding population throughout the Middle East.
a strong military tradition.
a large, centralized state.
What date did the first full civilizations emerge in the Middle East?
Which of the following was not a social change induced by the transition to sedentary agriculture?
more extensive forms of government
new kinds of laws and enforcement mechanisms
the creation of private property
Mesopotamia is the region between what two rivers?
Euphrates and Tigris
Taurus and Euphrates
Nile and Congo
Nile and Euphrates
The Sumerian form of writing, cuneiform,
was more pictographic than the hieroglyphic alphabet.
was written on clay tablets with a stylus.
was written on papyrus.
was written using a brush.
Tightly controlled city-states were typical of the political organization of what region?
City-state political organization tended to be
imperial rather than regional.
regional rather than imperial.
democratic rather than oligarchic.
republican rather than monarchic.
The massive towers associated with Sumerian religious shrines were called
passed on certain basic elements to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
emphasized a joyous afterlife.
rejected animism in favor of abstract and distant deities.
Beyond the basic elements of civilization, what did the Sumerians add?
social stratification and agricultural surpluses
occupational specialization and patriarchy
clearly-defined government and large cities
pastoralism and monumental architecture
Mesopotamian cities encouraged all of the following EXCEPT
complex political forms.
the exchange of ideas.
the establishment of the first libraries.
Despite its many positive contributions, civilization also
introduced matriarchal forms of social deference.
reduced social stratification.
promoted more aggressive behavior and warfare.
decreased wealth and food surpluses.
Sargon I, who created the first empire in Mesopotamia, was from the Semitic city-state of
In 1800 B.C.E. the Babylonians achieved the first
use of wheeled vehicles in Mesopotamia.
study of astronomy in Mesopotamia.
political unification of all of Mesopotamia.
monumental architecture in Mesopotamia.
One of the most important codifications of Mesopotamian law was accomplished during the reign of
In terms of the early stages of civilization, what was one of the major differences between Egypt and Mesopotamia?
Egyptian civilization never developed a political system with kings.
Egyptian civilization was generally less politically unified than Mesopotamia.
Egypt passed directly from precivilization to regional governments without passing through a city-state phase.
Egyptian civilization was not affected by the need to develop an irrigation system for a major river system.
The authority of the pharaohs of Egypt was
limited to local city-states.
enhanced by their status as living gods.
hampered by the lack of a writing system.
often challenged by foreign invaders.
Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning the Egyptian system of writing?
It was referred to as Linear A.
It was accomplished with a stylus on clay tablets.
It was primarily pictographic.
The Egyptians failed to develop a system of writing.
The comparative stability of Egyptian civilization was in part due to
the self-sufficient nature of the Egyptian economy that limited contacts with other people.
constant political innovation.
the unifying influence of the course of the Nile River.
their imitation of Assyrian political forms.
Most agricultural societies tended to be
Both Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilization placed cultural emphasis on
astronomy and related sciences.
the development of an epic literary tradition.
the significance of the afterlife.
The kingdom of Kush was located in
the eastern Mediterranean.
The most significant contribution of the early Jewish state to western civilization was
their emphasis on divine kingship.
their use of elaborate rituals concerning death.
their sense of a divine plan.
the development of a strong monotheistic religion.
Which of the following was not a heritage of the ancient Middle Eastern civilizations?
religions that emphasized tranquility and harmony with nature
patriarchal form of Mesopotamian civilization
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