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Topic 10: African Societies and Kingdoms to 1500 C.E
This activity contains 59 questions.
Africa was called the dark continent
because its soil was considered more fertile than that of other continents.
but was actually often in contact with other civilizations and cultures.
because it remained without civilization until the European explorations of the nineteenth century.
because it remained largely isolated from outside contacts until the nineteenth century.
The progressive desiccation of the African climate resulted in
the absence of sedentary agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa.
the destruction of rain forests throughout the continent.
the creation of the Sahara Desert in northern Africa.
the spread of systems of irrigation throughout the continent.
Where did the domesticated plants and technology associated with sedentary agriculture in Africa come from?
the western Atlantic islands
western Asia and the Middle East
European exploration during the nineteenth century
Why were the lowlands of central and western Africa unable to support pastoralism?
lack of adequate supplies of water
the tsetse fly
absence of grasses needed for pasturage
What was the primary form of metallurgy practiced in Africa?
Which of the following statements concerning the original social and economic organization of the early Bantu is NOT correct?
They domesticated goats and perhaps cattle.
They organized their society around kinship groups.
They depended on agriculture and fishing.
They lived in large temple complexes featuring monumental architecture with ceremonial purposes.
By the thirteenth century C.E., the Bantu migration
had reached equatorial Africa.
had reached the southern end of Africa.
had begun in Nigeria.
had receded to its original homelands in western Africa.
Which of the following kingdoms was converted to Christianity?
What region exerted the greatest influence on the development of the kingdom of Axum?
The growth of Ghana was based on
its conversion to Christianity.
the control of the slave trade between Europe and sub-Saharan Africa.
its control of the gold trade between the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa.
its role as a military colony of Carthage.
Which of the following regions was converted to Islam?
Between 800 and 1500, as the frequency and intensity of contact with the outside world increased, what was the most significant impact on sub-Saharan Africa?
the arrival of Islam
the arrival of the Portuguese
the arrival of Chinese merchants
the arrival of Christianity
Which of the following statements concerning the universality of religion in Africa is most accurate?
After 1200, Islam swept throughout African society and established a universal cultural foundation.
Indigenous African animist religions were too powerful for either Islam or Christianity to win any adherents.
There was no universal religion in Africa, but both Christianity and Islam found adherents.
Despite the temporary influence of Islam, Christianity was the universal religion of Africa by 1500.
Stateless societies in Africa were
organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacked concentration of political power and authority.
imperial forms of government such as the ones that existed in the Kingdom of Kongo and Great Zimbabwe.
limited to the region of the Sudan where trading societies remained free of centralized forms of government.
grouped around the principle of city-states similar to those found on the Swahili coast of East Africa.
What was the function of secret societies in African culture?
They served as a disruptive and revolutionary force in African society, forestalling the formation of larger states.
Because secret societies were restricted to females, they permitted women to have an invisible, but powerful, role in political affairs within African societies.
Because their membership cut across lineage divisions, they acted to maintain stability within the community and diminish clan feuds.
They smuggled valuable gold across the Sahara and established vital trade routes with the Mediterranean.
What was the weakness of the African commercial economy?
The only export item of value found in sub-Saharan Africa was slaves.
All African trade was in the hands of alien merchants.
Except for the trade with the Mediterranean across the Sahel, sub-Saharan Africa did not establish international trade routes.
Africa tended to export bullion and raw materials for manufactured products from abroad.
The grassland belt at the southern edge of the Sahara that served as a point of exchange between the forests of the south and North Africa was called the
What kingdom arose in the Sudan following the decline of Ghana in 1076?
What was the geographical location of the Empire of Mali?
between the cities of Mogadishu and Mombassa
along the Nile River valley
between the Niger and Senegal Rivers
between the Zambezi and Congo Rivers
Which of the following monarchs was referred to as Malis Lion Prince?
Mahmud of Ghur
Mansa Kankan Musa
military titles given to the rulers of Mali.
Islamic judges within African society.
monumental temple complexes constructed of stone.
African traders associated with the Mali Empire.
Which of the following was one of the major port cities of the Mali Empire?
Specialists who mastered the oral traditions of the Malinke and who knew the past were considered excellent advisors to the kings. They were called
Sunni Ali was responsible for the creation of what African empire?
What accounted for the downfall of Songhay?
invasion by the Portuguese
the collapse of the irrigation system on which the agricultural economy depended
defeat and incorporation within the Mali Empire
invasion by a Moroccan Muslim army equipped with firearms
How did contact with the Muslim world affect the African slave trade?
Because of the Muslim emphasis on equality of all believers, early Muslim rulers suppressed the slave trade.
Despite the Muslim acceptance of slavery and its widespread use in Islamic society outside of Africa, Muslims generally refused to accept black slaves.
With the Muslim conquests of North Africa and commercial penetration to the south, slavery became a more widely diffused phenomenon and the slave trade developed rapidly.
Slavery was unknown in African society until the Muslims introduced it.
Zenj was the Arabic term for
the grassland savannah south of the Sahara Desert.
the east African coast.
Islamic judges found within African communities.
the Islamic rulers of African communities.
With what markets did the East African towns trade?
All of the answers are correct.
with markets in the hinterlands west of the urbanized coast
with the Persian Gulf
with India and China
What was typical of the African societies not affected by either Islam or Christianity?
absence of trade
lack of imperial forms of government
lack of systems of writing
lack of city-state forms of government
Which of the following regions was typified by city-state organization?
More than half of sub-Saharan Africa consists of
nearly impassable desert.
very dense jungle.
grassy plains or savanna.
African agriculture began
independently in Ethiopia, the central Sudan, and the West African Savanna and the West African forests.
first in Egypt.
after Neolithic migrants from the Middle East arrived.
after the Muslim invasions.
Which statement is the most accurate regarding African technology?
Africa imported all of its technological skills.
Africans learned most of their technology from the Arabs, who brought them most of the modern skills.
Africans in several areas excelled in iron making, using furnaces that produced temperatures that exceeded those in Europe for many hundreds of years.
Africa has always lagged behind Europe.
In sub-Saharan villages, power was wielded by
elders of extended families.
agents of the sun god king.
Despite the diverse societies and variations in sub-Saharan Africa,
respect for wealthy individuals was of paramount importance.
respect for military power was of paramount importance.
respect for the community was of paramount importance.
life was a dog-eat-dog affair.
Which of the following was NOT part of the economic basis of Bantu society?
Which of the following generalizations is NOT true about the religious beliefs of Bantu-speaking peoples?
Most believed that, while there were many spirits, there was also a supreme being.
They were monotheistic, believing in only one god.
Most believed that the dead continued to influence the lives of the living.
They recognized many spirits, which were identified with natural forces.
What was the source of wealth of the Swahili sultanates located in eastern Africa?
sea trade with Asia and Europe
gold and salt trade
metal-working, especially iron
Ethiopia traced its origins back to
Solomon and Sheba.
Joseph and Mary.
Adam and Eve.
Samson and Delilah.
Which African state was part of the Christian civilization?
The most important medieval emperor of Ethiopia was
One reason the state of Aksum sought shelter inland was because of
the silting up of their harbors.
the Black Plague.
Many of the major Swahili cities were located
in the coastal plains of the interior of East Africa.
in the mountain highlands of the interior.
in dense jungle forests.
on islands off the coast of East Africa.
The Swahili language had a Bantu base with elements of
All of the answers are correct.
Ghanas wealth was based on
a brisk trans-Saharan trade.
the gold trade.
All of the answers are correct.
The first internationally known sub-Saharan African ruler, Mansa Musa gained an enormous amount of notoriety because of his
1324 pilgrimage to Mecca.
One of the earliest centers of iron smelting was
Ghanas capital of _______ was actually comprised of two towns.
The _____doctrine, which held that the human and divine qualities of Christ were inseparable, was embraced by the Nine Saints, a group of Syrian monks and missionaries who labored in Aksum.
Which of the early Ethiopian dynasties claimed its descent from Moses?
This Ethiopian ruler was very successful in vanquishing the Muslims.
Led by ____, the state of Adal launched a holy war against the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia in 1527.
Ahmad al-Ghazi Ahmad Gran
The earliest of the Sudanic kingdoms was
The chief market for sub-Saharan slaves was (were)
North African Mediterranean states.
Slaves held important governmental offices in the Hausa city-state of
A prominent West African kingdom whose economic well-being was derived from, among other things, fishing was
Under the rule of _______Benin rose from the status of a minor state to that of a prominent kingdom by the fifteenth century.
All but _______ were major exports of Swahili city-states.
The Great Enclosure, a large stone compound, served as the main residence of the royal family of
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