Meaning in an English sentence is conveyed not only by the words but also by the arrangement, or pattern, of the words.
There are five basic sentence patterns in English.
The simplest pattern is a subject followed by an intransitive verb
A verb that is complete by itself and does not need to have a direct object.
, as in the following examples:
The customer complained.
subject = the customer
verb = complained
The customer complained loudly.
The flight from Tahiti departed on time.
The weary passengers will disembark in a few minutes.
The meaning of a sentence in this pattern is simply that the subject did something. A person, place, or thing acted in a certain way.
This pattern is most effective in showing a simple action. The emphasis is on the actor and the action, with no other elements to distract the reader.
Which of the following sentences is in the subject-verb pattern?