Josephus: The Jewish Wars
Josephus was a governor in Judea who allied himself with the Romans against a rising of the Jewish people against Roman rule. This site provides a transcription of Josephuss famous history of the Roman "pacification" of Judea in 72 ace. This site examines Josephuss history for what it reveals about Roman provincial administration. http://www.exodus2006.com/jos-war.htm
Questions for exploration:
What did the Jewish rebels wish to see in place of Roman rule? What did the rebels fear most should the rebellion fail? What did Josephus himself think of the aims and the tactics of the zealot guerillas? Can you think of any other revolutionary wars for independence where patriot rebels or loyalists burned the houses of their fellow countrymen? Does his narrative reveal any feelings for the rebels? What evidence, if any, can you find that Josephus is either ambivalent in his loyalties or if he is a true admirer of Rome? How did the victorious Romans react at the scene they beheld at the end of the siege of Masada? How reliable is Josephuss account as a source of the events during the siege of Masada?