This site offers a tutorial narrative on the political career of Mohammad Ali of Egypt composed of selections from various scholarly works interspersed with thought questions.
Questions for further exploration:
During the Napoleonic Wars, the French army occupied Egypt for a short time and left a positive impression of the power of modern arms. Mohammad Ali attempted to make Egypt another France. Which France was that? The France of 1789 or that of the restored monarchy or French Empire? What role did France play in the early years of his rule? Why was he forced to incorporate peasants into his ruling system, what were is methods of doing so, and what impact did it have, particularly upon women? Why was he unable to seize control of the Ottoman Empire? Why were European views of his rule so negative? What were the new sources of wealth he tried to develop in support of his rule and why in the end did they fail Egypt? What impact did his rule have on the development of Egyptian nationalism?