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The Quakers were a radical English religious sect that arose in the mid-seventeenth century. Quakers stressed the doctrine of the Inner Light (or Holy Spirit that dwelt within them), rejected formal theology and an educated ministry, and were important in the founding of Pennsylvania. They were pacifists and tolerant of other religions.

quarantine speech
In 1937, responding to the Japanese invasion of China, President Roosevelt condemned international aggression and requested a "quarantine" of aggressors. Isolationists in America denounced the speech, and public opinion did not support any overt action by the United States in cases of international aggression not involving it.

Quartering Acts
These acts of Parliament in 1774 required colonial legislatures to provide supplies and quarters for the troops stationed in America. Americans considered this taxation in disguise and objected. None of these acts passed during the pre-Revolutionary controversy required that soldiers be quartered in an occupied house without the owner's consent.

The Quasi-War refers to the undeclared naval war of 1797 to 1800 between the United States and France.

Quayle, Dan
Indiana Senator Dan Quayle was elected vice president in 1988.

Quebec Act
In 1774 Parliament passed the Quebec Act that created the British colony of Quebec and established an authoritarian, centralized government between the Ohio River and Canada. Seaboard colonists concluded that their opportunities for self-government were threatened and termed this act along with the Coercive Acts the Intolerable Acts.

Quebec, Siege of
The siege of Quebec was a Revolutionary War attempt by American forces under Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold to capture Quebec City during the winter of 1775-1776. In an abortive attack on the city on December 31, 1775, Arnold was wounded and Montogmery killed. The siege failed, and Canada remained in British hands, serving as a base for later British expeditions down the Hudson River Valley.

Queen Anne's War
Queen Anne's War refers to the American phase (1702-1713) of Europe's War of the Spanish Succession. At its conclusion, England gained Nova Scotia.

Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth I was the Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She encouraged early efforts at English colonization in America, but was cautious with royal funds. This resulted in merchants, not the Crown, financing early English colonization.

Queen Liliuokalani
"Queen Lil" was a determined Hawaiian nationalist who tried to wrest control of Hawaii from American sugar growers. She failed.

Quiet Period
The Quiet Period refers to the apparently calm years (1770-1773) between Britain's repeal of most of the Townshend duties and the Boston Tea Party. No general grievances against Britain united Americans during this period, though many localized disputes continued.

Quitrents were a small tax on each 50 acres of land granted under the headright system. They were used by English monarchs and by colony proprietors to derive income from their colonies. They were much resented and hard to collect.

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