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X, Malcolm
Black Muslim Malcolm X was a militant advocate of black separatism until 1964. He was assassinated in 1965.

XYZ Affair
Peace commissioners sent to France by President Adams in 1797 were insulted by their French counterparts' demand for a bribe as a condition for negotiating with American diplomats. America's tender sense of national honor was outraged and the affair led Federalists to demand war against France.


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