a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Yalta Conference
Yalta, a city in the Russian Crimea, hosted a wartime conference in February 1945, where U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met. The Allies agreed to final plans for the defeat of Germany and the terms of its occupation. The Soviets agreed to allow free elections in Poland, but the elections were never held.

"Yankeephobia," literally fear of the United States, reflected Latin Americans' dislike and mistrust of the "Colossus of the North." Military interventions under the Roosevelt Corollary and economic domination under dollar diplomacy fostered Latin American resentment toward U.S. power and wealth.

yellow-dog contracts
Yellow-dog contracts were employment agreements binding workers not to join a union.

yellow peril
"Yellow peril" was a code used to express the fear many early-twentieth-century Americans, particularly on the West Coast, had of unrestricted Japanese immigration. President Theodore Roosevelt responded to the fear by negotiating a "Gentlemen's Agreement" with Japan to restrict Japanese emigration.

yellow press
The term yellow press, or yellow journalism, referred to the deliberately sensational journalism of scandal and exposure designed to attract an urban mass audience and increase advertising revenues.

Yippies were members of the Youth International Party, a fringe group of radical activists, 1968-1972, who emphasized media events. Led by Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman, they were "professional" iconoclasts, ridiculing accepted beliefs and behavior and established authority.

Young America
"Young America" was the confident, Manifest Destiny spirit of Americans in the 1850s. Expansionists began to think about transmitting the dynamic, democratic spirit of the United States to other countries by aiding revolutionaries, opening up new markets, and annexing foreign lands.

Young Men's Christian Association
Lay evangelists like Dwight L. Moody, concerned about the lot of the urban poor, helped establish the YMCA in 1851 to provide recreational facilities for the unfortunate.

Young Plan
The Young Plan (1929) and Dawes Plan (1924) were international arrangements to help European nations pay their war debts to the United States and help Germany pay is reparations obligations. The onset of the depression in the 1930s ruined chances that either war debts or reparations would continue to be paid.

Young, Brigham
Young took leadership of the Mormons when Joseph Smith was murdered in 1844. In 1847 he led the Mormons to a religious haven near Great Salt Lake (Utah).

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